5 way to manage diabetic foot ulcers
The best way to treat a diabetic foot ulcer is to prevent its development in the first place. Diabetic foot ulcers are the most common reason for hospital stays among people with diabetes. People with diabetes may take a longer period to heal their wounds and ulcers. This is a result of the development of diabetes neuropathy where the victim loses sensation and thus wound does develop without even them noticing. Another aspect is poor blood and air circulation to the wound and ulcers which is necessary for wound and ulcer healing. People who suffer from diabetes must take special care of their feet, as they are at a higher risk of infection and necrosis that can lead to amputation. Recognizing when you have a sore or infection is essential to knowing when you require specialized diabetic foot ulcer care. However, the best way to care for your feet is to prevent these wounds in the first place, such as with these protective measures. In this article, we are going to see 5 ways in which you can manage diabetic foot ulcers.
Check your feet daily
Since people with diabetes may be less aware of pain in their feet due to decreased sensitivity, it’s important to inspect one’s feet on a regular basis or ask someone to help you inspecting them on your behalf. Keep an eye open for cuts, cracks, blisters and other signs of the beginning of a wound. Touch and inspect the skin on your feet and lower legs each day to watch for any scrapes, bruises or swelling.
Keep your feet clean
Wash your feet every day with mild soap and lukewarm water. Dry them gently with a towel, being sure to get between the toes. You may want to finish off with moisturizer on the tops and bottoms of feet (to reduce the risk of blistering) and talcum powder between the toes.
Get the Right Nutrients
Eating a well-balanced diet, high in lean protein, fiber, and legumes, and low in saturated fats can be very beneficial for diabetic patients. Many minerals and vitamins, for instance, zinc, iron, copper, and protein, are necessary for the body to grow tissue. If you’re deficient in those products, you can imagine that healing is going to be a lot slower.
Choose the right shoes
Your footwear should be tight enough to keep the fabric from rubbing against the skin and causing diabetic foot ulcers, but loose enough to be comfortable and not crowd the toes. In the case that one foot is bigger than the other, you should purchase shoes in a larger size. Don’t just go out and buy random shoes. Wearing shoes that are ill-fitting or put a lot of pressure on your foot may result in a pressure ulcer. If you don’t know your correct shoe size, have a professional assist you. You should also steer clear of shoes with pointed or open toes, such as high heels, flip-flops or sandals. Also, wear shoes made of breathable fabrics, like canvas, leather or suede. You might also wear orthopedic shoes custom made to fit the size, shape, and contours of your feet like offloading boot for diabetic foot ulcers. – you can request a prescription for these shoes from your clinician.
Smoking greatly reduces circulation, which can exacerbate your blood flow issues and sensation problems in your feet. Speak to your clinician if you need help quitting.
Get regular check-ups
If you are experiencing abnormal symptoms that are causing any concern, call your doctor immediately or go to the emergency department. Warning signs may include, fever, pus coming out of a wound, redness or heat in the foot and severe pain. During these appointments, a podiatrist or other clinician can inspect your feet for circulation issues, early signs of nerve damage and other foot problems that could potentially lead to infection and amputation. If you do experience a sore on your foot, consult with your clinician to determine the right wound care plan for you. He or she may determine that you require specialty footwear, dressings or other products to help aid in speedy recovery.