Diabetes disease complications

Diabetes disease complications

Long-suffering with diabetes may make people living with diabetes to be prone to the development of diabetic foot ulcer problems. This mostly happens often due to two complications of diabetes i.e. Nerve damage (neuropathy) and poor circulation. Neuropathy causes loss of feeling in your feet, taking away your ability to feel pain and discomfort, so you may not detect an injury or irritation. Poor circulation in your feet reduces your ability to heal, making it hard for even a tiny cut to resist infection. Having diabetes is, therefore, increases the risk of developing a wide range of foot problems and furthermore, these small foot problems can turn into serious complications. In this article, we are going to look at the most common diabetes disease complications.

Diabetes-Related Foot & Leg Problems

  • Infections and ulcers (sores) that do not heal.

An ulcer for an individual with diabetes is a sore in the skin that may develop and go all the way to the bone. Because of poor circulation and neuropathy in the feet, cuts or blisters and easily turn into ulcers that become infected and in the end, they take longer to heal or will not heal at all. For a person with diabetic foot ulcers, this is a common and serious complication of diabetes and can lead to a loss of your foot, your leg or your life.

  • Corns and calluses.

Neuropathy as we said in the introduction, is nerve damage and in this case, its nerve damage on the foot. When neuropathy is present, you cannot tell if your shoes are causing pressure and producing corns or calluses. Corns and calluses must be properly treated or otherwise if poor or not treated at all, they can develop into ulcers. On the other hand, off-loading boot for diabetic foot ulcers is another key element that helps in the healing of foot ulcers.

  • Dry, cracked skin. 

Long periods of poor circulation and neuropathy can make your skin to be dry. This may seem harmless, but dry skin can result in cracks that may become sores and can lead to infection. Skin act as a natural barrier to infection and other pathogens. Cracking of skin, therefore makes it possible and easy for pathogen and infection access inner part of the body leading to more serious diabetes complications. This may lead to severe cracking deeper even to the bones. Offloading boot for diabetic foot ulcers is made a shoe that also can be used to prevent the development of ulcers and would on the foot.

  • Nail disorders. 

Ingrown toenails (which curve into the skin on the sides of the nail) and fungal infections can go unnoticed because of loss of feeling. If they are not properly treated, they can lead to infection or sometimes may require amputations.

  • Hammertoes and bunions. 

Nerve damage affecting muscles can cause muscle weakness and loss of tone in the feet, resulting in hammertoes and bunions. If left untreated, these deformities can cause ulcers.

  • Charcot foot.

This is a complex foot deformity. It develops as a result of the loss of sensation and an undetected broken bone that leads to the destruction of the soft tissue of the foot. Because of neuropathy, the pain of the fracture goes unnoticed and the patient continues to walk on the broken bone, making it worse. This disabling complication is so severe that surgery, and occasionally amputation, may become necessary.

  • Poor blood flow. 

In diabetes, the blood vessels below the knee often become narrow and restrict blood flow. This prevents wounds from healing and may cause tissue death.
Conclusion

Any individual surviving with diabetes should pay attention and observer his or her foot often to check for any abnormalities or any development of diabetic foot ulcers. Your proactive measures play a vital role in reducing the above complications. When you notice any of the above complication it advisable to contact your foot and ankle surgeon, who can initiate treatment as soon as possible before its too late to handle if your problems.

 

Medical Laboratory Scientist

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