The result of high cholesterol level in the body
High cholesterol level in the body is as a result of increase of Low density lipoproteins (LDL) well known to us as “bad” cholesterol. High cholesterol levels may lead to underlining diseases associated with increase in cholesterol level in our bodies. This underlining diseases includes, an elevated risk of cardiovascular diseases such as heart disease, coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease. It is also linked to diabetes and high blood pressure
Cholesterol and Coronary Heart Disease
The main risk from high cholesterol is coronary heart disease .When cholesterol level is too high it can build up in the walls of your blood vessel especially the arteries. Over time, circulating calcium in the blood vessels may dissolve in the built up cholesterol in the blood vessel resulting to formation of a plaque. Plaque causes hardening of the arteries leading to arteriosclerosis disease. This also causes arteries to become narrowed and thus slows the blood flow to the heart muscle. Reduced blood flow can result in angina (chest pain). If blood vessel gets blocked completely the result is heart attack and death.
Cholesterol and Stroke
High cholesterol level in arteries leading to brain may result to stroke. This occur when arteries that lead to the brain become narrowed or blocked prevent the brain cell from getting oxygen and nourishment. If a vessel carrying blood to the brain is blocked completely you could end up having stoke. Its therefore important to monitor your cholesterol level time to time with cholesterol home test.
Cholesterol and High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure (hypertension) and high cholesterol are also linked. As we have said in association of cholesterol with Coronary Heart Disease when the arteries become hardened and narrowed with cholesterol plaque and calcium dissolve in it, the heart has to strain much harder to pump blood through them. As a result, blood pressure builds up and becomes abnormally high. Hypertension is also linked to heart disease since heart is overworked and sometimes heart chambers are destroyed in the process of forcing blood flow through the arteries
Cholesterol and Peripheral Vascular Disease
High cholesterol also has been linked to peripheral vascular disease. This refers to diseases of blood vessels outside the heart and brain. In this condition, fatty deposits build up along artery walls and affect blood circulation. This occurs mainly in arteries that lead to the legs and feet.
Cholesterol and Diabetes
Diabetes interferes with balance between HDL and LDL cholesterol levels. People with diabetes have circulating blood sugar (glucose) in the arteries. Glucose attaches to LDL cholesterol and circulate through the blood vessels instead of being absorbed by the cell. Sugarcoated LDL if it remains in the bloodstream for long period, may lead to the formation of plaque that can result to a risk of heart and artery disease. Sugarcoated LDL particles may stick to arteries making arteries prone to glucose breaking bacteria thus resulting to damage of blood vessel walls more easily.