The fatal three refers to “dehydration, constipation, and seizures.” This condition has the potential to impact a significant impact on a person’s quality of life and sometimes can result to a life-threatening condition. This condition may affect all individuals and are worse for those individuals with disabilities. It is therefore crucial and very important to tackle this issue deeply and at large focus this matter to our loved ones with disabilities. This because although providing support, companionship and dedicated compassionate to our loved ones with a disability, the fatal four can go a long way in destroying any foundation and effort laid down to empower these individuals. In this article, we are going to discuss how to cope with the fatal four for people living with disability.
Dehydration is a condition in which the loss of body fluids and in this case water exceeds the amount taken. Another definition of dehydration is excess water moving out of a person’s cells without any replacement. When a person has dehydration the normal water concentration of the body is reduced and causes the imbalance of the mineral in your body thus interferes with normal body functioning. The remedy to treat dehydration is to replenish the lost fluid level by consuming clear fluids such as water, clear broths, ice pops or soft drinks such a Gatorade. However, there may be extreme conditions of dehydration that may require intravenous fluids infusions in order to fully rehydrate the victim.
Constipation is defined as having a hard or dry bowel movement or having no bowel movement or having bowel movement episodes fewer than three times in a week. You would imagine the severity of this fatal condition to a person with a disability. To them, the outcome is devastating and worse. The remedy to this problem is to ensure the victim is drinking plenty and enough water while on the other hand ensure that the diet taken contains more fibers especially soluble non –fermentable fibers. The extreme condition of constipation should be treated with prescribe laxatives. You can also show your loved one that you care by providing them with toilet wiping aid devices if reach there perianal are is a nightmare during this hard time.
Seizures are a condition defined as uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain. This condition mainly occurs as a result of injury to the brain. Seizures can cause changes in your behavior, movement or feelings. Tendency of having recurrent seizures lead to epilepsy. Epilepsy, on the other hand, is defined to us as the neurological disorder portrayed by sudden recurrent associated with loss of consciousness or convulsion. This condition is usually fatal to any of a person living disability. When seizures occur to a person with disability the remedy is to;
- Ease the casualty to the floor
- Turn the casualty to a recovery position (gently turn a person to one’s side). This help the casualty to breathe with ease
- Clear the area of the incidence by eliminating any hazardous object that may cause injuries.
- Support the head of the casualty with soft flat clothing.
- Loosen any clothing of the casualty such as tie or scuff.
- Remove gently any object that the casualty may be wearing such as watches, necklaces or glasses.
- Time the seizures while you call for emergency help.