How to prevent urinary tract infection (UTIs) and Avoid Reinfection

Preventing UTI infection and avoiding its reinfection

Urinary tract infection (UTIs) are common in both gender base groups males and females. Women are commonly prone to UTIs mostly due to their body anatomy compared to men. The infections are usually caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli), a bacterium that lives in the intestinal system. If E. coli is carried from the rectum to the vagina, they can enter the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder) and infect the bladder causing cystitis.  Our children also are not spared in this case since, by age 5 years, about 8% of girls and 1-2% of boys have had at least one urinary tract infection (UTI) in their lifetime. The worse commonest condition about UTIs infection is when it keeps on recurring and if you’ve ever had UTIs, you know how painful and frustrating it is especially if they keep coming back. Below are tips and keys that can help you avoid cystitis, urethritis and other UTIs conditions and help prevent recurrences. 

Consider using Female urination device (Female advice)

Female urination devices assist women of all ages to pee while standing like men do. This device aid to eliminate chances of contact UTI infection, especially in unsanitary washrooms, on hiking, traveling, skirt-ting and when in other outdoor activities.  

Drink lots of fluids every day. 

Try to take a plant of water, at least drink a glass of water every two or three hours. This aids your body accumulate urine that you can keep on flashing any active infection when you pee.

Screen yourself regularly at your home

Whenever you suspect you have UTIs infection it’s always advisable to have laboratory tests done to rule out any abnormalities. Long are the days you had to go every time to a doctor’s office for Laboratory test. Nowadays there are urinalysis test strips that you can use at comfort of your home to perform simple urinalysis test which can help you analyze your urine and detect any abnormalities . Urinalysis test involves use of a dipstick reagent stripes which you can access them from your online stores such as amazon or from your local pharmacy stores.

Rethink and try changing your birth control. 

Women taking oral contraceptives have a higher rate of cystitis than those who don’t take them. Some diaphragm users find that the rim pressing against the urethra can contribute to infection. Contraceptive foams or vaginal suppositories may irritate the urethra. Condoms that are not lubricated may put pressure on the urethra, or the dyes or lubricants may cause irritation.

Urinate frequently.

Whenever you feel the urge to urinate it always recommended by doctors that you pee. Never try to hold your urine once your bladder feels full. This helps your empty your bladder completely as well as wash any infection on your urinary tract system each time you pee.

Avoid or reduce caffeine and alcohol usage.

Caffeine and alcohol both can irritate your bladder without your knowledge thus whenever you drink either of the above, make sure you drink enough water to dilute them.

Keep yourself clean.

For women it’s highly recommended to wipe from front to back after urinating or when having a bowel movement to keep the bacteria in your bowels and anus away from your urethra. More so when you take shower, wash your genitals from front to back with plain water or very mild soap.

Control cross-transmission infection. 

This goes for your partner(s), too. Empty your bladder shortly before and after sex. This ensures that any microbe on the urethra is washed out. More also wash your hands and genitals before sex and after sex to prevent contact with any potential microbes in the anal area.

Change menstrual pads often. 

The blood on the pad provides a bridge for bacteria from your anus to your urethra. Some women also find that tampons or sponges put pressure on the urethra. Therefore, you should ensure that you’re clean and that you’re changing your pad regular to block any channel of entry UTIs microbe.   

Wear loose clothing. 

Wear cotton underwear and loose-fitting clothing to keep the area around the urethra dry to prevent both fungal and bacterial UTI. Tight jeans may cause trauma to the urethra, as well as some physical activities such as bicycling or horseback riding.

Change your urine pH by acidifying it. 

Sometimes altering the pH of your urine can change the environment and the natural habitat that promote the growth of microbes such as E.coli. According to research done, the majority of women have found that unsweetened cranberry juice, concentrate supplement, or vitamin C when taken every day makes urine more acidic and helps prevent UTIs. Some researcher has said that hippuric acid in cranberry juice may help prevent bacteria from sticking to the bladder lining that prevent colonization of bladder mucosa membrane.

Observe your diet by avoid refined food.

Nutrient is one of the bacteria requirements for growth and reproduction. White flour, white rice, and other refined sugar and starch product can facilitate urinary tract infections by acting as a source of nutrients in feeding bacteria. Thus whatever you choose to eat you need to be vigilant about it in the effort of controlling UTIs infection. Whole grains, meats, nuts, and many fruits should be one of your diet while else you should avoid strong spices such as curry, cayenne, chili, and black pepper.

Medical Laboratory Scientist

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